Type 2 diabetes means that your body cannot process insulin properly or that the insulin it produces is not taken up by cells.
The main role of insulin is to regulate blood sugar. Without insulin, blood sugar levels can rise to a “dangerous” high, Bupa warns.
One of the most serious victims of persistently high blood sugar levels is neuropathy.
Neuropathy is damage or dysfunction of one or more nerves. Peripheral neuropathy develops when nerves in the extremities of the body, such as the hands, feet, and arms, are damaged.
According to Bupes, this nerve damage can cause “tingling, burning or loss of sensation.”
Persistently high blood sugar levels can also cause:
- Damage to your eyes, which can lead to vision loss
- Heart disease and strokes
- Foot ulcers
- Persistent or regular infections, especially skin and urinary tract infections.
As a result, your body will need more fluids to rehydrate. “Drinking water can help the body get some of its glucose out of the blood.”